To water umbrella plants, thoroughly drench the soil and allow the excess water to drain completely. When ingested, this can lead to pain around the mouth, tongue, throat, and cause swelling, hoarseness, and even difficulty breathing (Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia). Leaves are compound, with stalks up to 40cm long. Its greenish-yellow flowers are borne in massive clusters with branches up to 30 cm long. If it is kept indoors, you can prune your Umbrella Plant any time of the year. Schefflera actinophylla is a tree in the family Araliaceae. The soil should be just damp, with a light feeling of moisture. Dwarf umbrella plants thrive in a temperature range between 60Â°F and 75Â°F (15Â°C â 24Â°C). Leaves may start to fall from the Schefflera plant if you are over-watering or under-watering the plant. Sudden temperature drops should be avoided as these will lead to the falling off of leaves, so do not keep the plant near draughty windows or doors. Higher temperatures of up to 24Â°C / 75Â°F with a bottom heat source will likely result in more successful propagation. In winter, you will need to water the plant less frequently than in summer. In addition to releasing oxygen into the atmosphere like other plants, the Umbrella Plant also absorbs toxins, thereby filtering the air in your property and leaving you with better air quality. They only need a modest amount of water a few times a month, and so will survive perfectly well, even if you go on vacation for a few weeks and your plants are left without care. For a more slender looking plant, allow it to grow without pruning, and it will naturally grow upwards in a tree-like form. Every two or three years, itâs necessary to repot a dwarf Schefflera plant. When kept inside, their maximum height is usually somewhere in the region of 8 feet, though this is still much taller than most people would like their house plant to be. Fertilize your Schefflera every 2-4 weeks during spring and summer. Another way to root stem cuttings is to put them in a jar of water. Related reading: How to get rid of houseplant pests fast and safely. Dwarf umbrella trees are fast growers when growing in the right conditions. Iowa State University- Extension and Outreach- Horticulture and Home Pest News, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Schefflera plant can be easily propagated by stem cuttings. Use a regular houseplant fertilizer, diluted to half-strength. While this is an Australian native, the Umbrella tree or Schefflera actinophylla can end up being a nightmare in cultivation and in some applications. You may also end up with a tree-like plant that has crooked or bent stems. You can combat the problem with a number of steps, but disposing of the plant is often the best option. By using a strategic pruning technique, you can encourage your Umbrella Plant to grow in the specific way that you would like. Old leaves will also drop naturally. A good indication that your Umbrella Plant needs pruning is when the branches start to look long and spindly, with leaves only growing at the very ends. Some plant species have fascinating leaf markings that can create a stunning vertical accent in a room or office. In these pictures: variegated Schefflera cultivars. Schefflera arboricola (or Heptapleurum arboricola) plants grow well in average indoor humidity with occasional misting. The dwarf umbrella tree grows as an attractive houseplant and rapidly reaches between 4 and 8 feet (1.2 â 2.4 m) tall. Take some cutting shears or some sharp scissors and simply chop the ends off the long branches, leaving around an inch of branch past where the last growing leaves are. dwarf umbrella tree (Schefflera arboricola) is a shrub or relatively small tree usually growing 3-4 m tall. Try to re-pot in the springtime, and avoid feeding the plant for around four weeks after repotting as the nutrients in the fresh soil should be plenty to sustain growth. Schefflera plants, native to Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands, are often called Umbrella trees because of their large, shiny, dark green leaves that drape down like the spokes of an umbrella. As houseplants, these do not produce flowers. String of Hearts Plant (Ceropegia Woodii): Caring for Rosary Vine, Hoya Kerrii (Sweetheart Plant / Valentine Hoya): Care Guide, Caring for Calathea Ornata (Pinstripe Calathea) - The Ultimate Guide, Oxalis Triangularis (Purple Shamrock): Care and Growing Tips for False Shamrock Plant, Umbrella Plant (Schefflera): Caring for Dwarf Umbrella Tree, How to get rid of houseplant pests fast and safely, Dieffenbachia Plant (Leopard Lily, Dumb Cane) Care, Rubber Tree Plant Care: Growing Ficus Elastica. The Umbrella Plant requires a small amount of fertilizer to sustain maximum growth and health. If growth slows down and leaves turn pale at other times of the year, it could be due to feeding issues. Here are the steps to repot an umbrella plant growing at home: Use neem oil solution to quickly get rid of pests on your dwarf umbrella tree. Hello guys! Regular trimming during the growing season also helps to promote bushy, compact growth. This is a quick-growing plant that can easily get out of control if left to its own devices. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) says that Schefflera plants contain poisonous substances called calcium oxalate crystals. Naturally, older leaves on houseplants like Schefflera turn yellow before falling off. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Schefflera's open, delicate growth habit and dark green, glossy foliage brings a tropical feeling to any home. Sometimes the branches get so long that they start to collapse under their own weight. If there seems to be little growth in spring and summer, you should check the growing conditions. You will know if your Umbrella Plant has been overwatered if the leaves and stems turn brown or feel soft inside. Getting humidity levels right can be challenging in winter when heating tends to dry out the air. Pruning a Schefflera plant indoors is vital to keep it at a manageable size. Other reasons for dropping leaves are temperature extremes, poor light, or moving the plant around too much. To care properly for your dwarf umbrella tree, water it when the top soil has dried out. The dwarf Schefflera flowers grow in clusters that have impressive appearance. The main downside is with age or prolonged incorrect care, the lower leaves will fall and you will have a bare lower stem but still with a full canopy. This issue is usually caused by a sudden drop in temperature, or if the plant has been roughly moved around. The groups of leaflets grow circularly at the end of stems and this gives the leaves a look of an umbrella. Fans of Schefflera trees – also called umbrella trees – often grow these as houseplants. However, if pests infest your plant, use a neem oil solution or insecticidal soap to get rid of the bugs quickly. Soaking the soil allows enough moisture to penetrate the roots. It will grow best in bright rooms, away from direct sunlight. Dwarf Umbrella tree care is pretty similar to Croton care. Grown outside, it can reach over ten meters in height. The pathogen Alternaria panax is responsible for Alternaria leaf spot on umbrella trees. However, if your Umbrella Plant is struggling to grow outside of the inactive period, or its leaves look pale, then this is probably a result of a lack of nutrients. This kind of natural loss of leaves occurs at the base of the plant, but when the plant loses leaves at the upper part of the plant or its leaves turn yellow, this signals problem! Apart from your plant dying, the insects can infest other plants in your home. Each Schefflera leaf grows at the end of a long stem and consists of several smaller leaflets. Light also helps foliage to be plentiful and bushy so that your umbrella tree-like plant has a lush, healthy appearance. Even when pruned, the Umbrella Plant will not spread very wide, with a maximum diameter of around 75 cm / 18in. Its cut leaves with wavy edges … Dwarf umbrella trees are native to warm, humid environments. Over or underwatering, low light, temperature extremes, repotting, pests, diseases, under/overfeeding, low humidity, or a new location can cause dropping leaves. Plants in the genus Schefflera are toxic to cats and dogs. When choosing a new pot for a dwarf umbrella tree, choose a heavy terracotta one. This will allow light to better penetrate the plant and will result in healthier and more even growth. Schefflera plant growth becomes dormant in winter, and you shouldnât expect it to grow much. The plant should recover in four to eight weeks. Apply the fertilizer every two weeks to encourage vigorous growth or every four weeks for average growth. The best care advice for growing dwarf umbrella trees at home is to water when the top layer of soil is dry. Place the jar in a warm, bright place, and after a few weeks, roots should start to appear. But, you have to be careful that the outside temperature doesnât drop below 55Â°F (13Â°C), or the leaves could start falling. If kept in these conditions, the plant should become bushy and tall. Gently remove the dwarf umbrella tree from the pot. Bark is smooth, grey. These plants are renowned for being quite difficult to propagate, but it can be achieved with some close attention, determination, and practice. Overwatering is a more common problem than lack of watering with this plant, so be sure to only water them once the top layer of soil becomes dry to the touch. September 24, 2009 ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2009. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? If the main trunk of your Umbrella Plant struggles to grow any leaves, you should cut it back quite drastically. Half-fill the new container with the appropriate potting mix. For a shorter or bushier looking plant, pinch the tips growing upwards at the top of the plant. If you have neglected pruning your Umbrella Plant and it has become wild and overgrown, you may be wondering where to begin with cutting it back and getting it into good shape. You should stop feeding the plant in the fall and winter. If neither of these things sounds like the culprit of your leaf loss, alternative issues may be over watering, under watering, or too much heat. Schefflera plants need a well draining soil with plenty of organic matter. This will encourage growth lower down the stems and give a rounder appearance. Plant the umbrella shrub at the same height in its new pot. Schefflera Digitata. As well as being easy to care for, the Umbrella Plant makes an excellent house plant or office plant due to its air purifying qualities. If root rot has set in, which commonly occurs with overwatering, you will need to remove all affected areas and re-pot the plant to encourage new growth and recovery. Arboricola mostly has the variegated varieties or colored leaf. One of the few landscape trees that grow almost effortlessly indoors is Schefflera, also called umbrella tree. Its foliage is mostly green, and some cultivars have variegated leaves with green and creamy-white or yellow patterns. Pruning will also keep your plant healthy and help to elongate its lifespan. If you trim the main trunk back to around six inches in length, it will regenerate and quickly catch up to the longer lengths of any of the minor branches. Long, oval-shaped and pointy-tipped, the leaves grow in circular groups of 5-9 leaves. When grown outside in warmer climates, the Umbrella Plant produces vibrant flowers in shades of red. Leaves yellow, wilt and drop, and the tree becomes weak. Usually, the umbrella trees you’ll find in the garden center will be of the bush form. A few hours each day of direct sunlight can be tolerated by the Umbrella Plant; however, too much sunlight will cause damage to the leaves. Another way to humidify umbrella plants and keep them looking good is to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. You will also learn how to resolve some issues that arise when growing this plant indoors. Trim the plant regularly if you wish to create a more bushy effect or maintain a smaller size. You can improve stability by growing the small tree in a terracotta pot. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Examine the umbrella tree for pests that can cause leaf damage such as scales. To avoid overwatering, keep the amount of water you use to a minimum, and also use a drip tray to collect any water and dispose of this regularly. Difficult unpaired pinnate leaves in length can reach 20 centimeters. Over time, umbrella trees can grow to heights over 10 feet tall, forcing homeowners to cut the plant to make it fit in an indoor space. Too many branches or branches densely populated with leaves can also limit the light supply to your plant, as the leaves underneath may not be getting enough light to thrive. These umbrella plants are fast growers and can put out a lot of new foliage in spring and summer. CC-BY-3.0 Habit, showing foliage and fruits: Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); fruit at Kakipi Gulch Haiku, Maui. If you want an impressive umbrella plant, choose one of the yellow and green or white and green variegated cultivars. During the growing season, umbrella plants can grow an impressive 3 ft. (0.9 m) every year. But high heat, temperature fluctuations, and under-watering can all result in leaves turning yellow. The dwarf umbrella tree grows as an attractive houseplant and rapidly reaches between 4 and 8 feet (1.2 – 2.4 m) tall. Because growth is dormant, adding fertilizer can cause root burn and even kill your plant. Apply a diluted houseplant fertilizer once a month from spring until the end of summer. Apply general purpose, 20-20-20 ratio fertilizer to moist soil beneath the tree's drip-line at a rate of 1 pound per 100 square-feet of area. Learn more. This will encourage growth lower down the plant, resulting in a rounder look, as opposed to the straggly look your plant had before. Which despite sometimes being called an Umbrella Tree, can look very odd indoors! Fill up the remaining space with the remainder of the fresh potting soil. The general rule is that larger Umbrella Plants will require more water to stay healthy, though they become inactive during colder months and so will need a smaller amount of water to maintain health. If you suspect spider mites, check the underside of leaves for the spiders themselves or the webs they create. You can also make an appropriate potting mix by combining equal quantities of humus, garden soil, and perlite or coarse sand. Fungal Leaf Spots. To deter spider mites, keep the environment in your home fairly humid, as the mites like dry air. Schefflera actinophylla. The Umbrella Plant commonly falls victim to spider mites, which hide on the underside of the leaves. It will happily grow in a variety of habitats. Your email address will not be published. Calcium oxalate crystals are tiny and sharp, and stab the skin or soft tissue that they come into contact with. Umbrella plant stems can start growing crooked if there is not enough light. The green varieties of the Umbrella Plant tend to fare better at the lower end of the temperature scale, while the variegated variety enjoys it a few degrees warmer. When a projectile comes down, it raises its leaves and blocks it. You can determine if your umbrella tree is an Arboricola or Actinophylla through their leaves. The umbrella plant rarely flowers indoors – its flowers look like compact white spikes and they are arranged in clusters. The umbrella plant (Schefflera arboricola or Heptapleurum arboricola) is a popular tree like houseplant that is easy to grow indoors. Today I am going over how to propagate your Umbrella Tree or Schefflera plants and care for your cuttings. Itâs essential to treat houseplant pests as quickly as possible. This does not mean the tree can live through an adverse lack of water, and it will begin to wilt, the leaves wrinkling when not supplied with adequate water. 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