Resolution of the phylogenetic relationships of species in Vanda s.l. The lowest value is found between Vanda Helfola and Arades. Vanda R.Br. and pollination may be by small bees or possibly butterflies. Taxon names and authorities used here are based on the World Checklist of Monocotyledons, with some modification (Govaerts, 2012), before recent nomenclatural changes were published by the first author of this paper (Gardiner, 2012). amboinensis, and Phal. Ascocentrum ampullaceum (Roxb.) Section Roeblingiana Motes & W.E.Higgins is a well-supported group of species centred geographically in the Philippines (V. barnesii W.E.Higgins & Motes, V. javierae D.Tiu ex Fessel & LÃ¼ckel, V. lamellata, V. roeblingiana and V. sanderiana), and the large, well-supported but unresolved group of species representing sections Deltaglossa Christenson and Dactylolobata W.Suarez & J.Cootes are all from the South-East Asian archipelago, with only short branch lengths separating the species. Strategi dalam penelitian ini terletak pada kuadran I, yaitu memanfaatkan peluang dengan menggunakan kekuatan yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat penjual lorjuk Low genetic diversity may suggest a relative recent origin of the group under investigation (Bateman, 1999) and, as such, Vanda may offer an interesting example of relatively rapid speciation and morphological diversification in response to pollination syndromes and allopatry in insular environments. The primers psbA (Sang, Crawford & Stuessy, 1997) and trnH (Tate & Simpson, 2003) were used to amplify the psbAâtrnH region (referred to here as âpsbAâ), encompassing the non-coding intergenic spacer region between the two genes coding for the trnH tRNA and the gene psbA. Comparing the tree structure of plastid and nuclear data would also allow the search for topological conflicts between data sets and possibly answer questions on the reported hybrid origin of certain taxa (e.g. Pradhan (1983) observed beetles as efficient pollinators on V. cristata, and beetles may also pollinate V. denisoniana (Christenson, 1992). The monotypic Taprobanea spathulata (L.) Christenson, previously placed in Vanda by Sprengel (1826), is shown in all analyses to fall well outside of the Vanda s.l. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. culture of Vanda Presentation The Vandas are not the easiest genre for amateur: they are fond of heat and humidity, conditions that are difficult to obtain in an apartment or in a greenhouse. Some novel species relationships are revealed, and a new morphological sectional classification is proposed based on support for these groupings and corresponding morphological characters shared by taxa and their geographical distributions. L.M.Gardiner, Small brightly coloured flowers â thought to be bird pollinated, V. richardsiana (Christenson) L.M.Gardiner, V. xichangensis (Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen) L.M.Gardiner, Very numerous minute white flowers on arching raceme. How do they counter the state narrative of MIFEE as a development path for the region? Non-parametric bootstrapping of a smaller earlier Vanda s.l. According to the dendrogram tree of a the rbcL gene sequences, P. hangianum species was closely related to P. vietnamense species and P. delenatii species. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The following individuals are thanked particularly for their assistance and advice during the collection of material from botanic gardens and fieldwork carried out by L.M.G. Trình tự nucleotide của đoạn gen rbcL được phân tích và so sánh với các trình tự trên ngân hàng gen NCBI. with Ascocentrum -like flowers. clade plus the three Holcoglossum spp. Series. (2005) commented on the likelihood that past morphological diversification and potential parallelism in vegetative and reproductive characters have been significant contributors to the present difficulty of resolving relationships in the group. The first species recorded in Western literature were documented by Rumphius in the late 17th century in his posthumously published magnum opus Herbarium Amboinensis (Rumphius, 1741). separated from this clade (Lim et al., 1999). Only in the last 25 years have questions about the generic limits of Vanda troubled the image of a previously seemingly taxonomically stable genus. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd Box. Xiao, MÃ¶ller & Zhu, 2010), but it also could be influenced by the exceptional variation of chromosome numbers among Vanda s.s. and therefore different ploidies; the basic chromosome number of Aeridinae is x = 19, which is relatively stable for the majority of the subtribe, but in Vanda s.s. published reports are N = 19, 38 and 57 (Felix & Guerra, 2010). Unit . with Its Phytochemistry, USING THE MOPHOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS AND DNA BARCODE TO IDENTIFYING Paphiopedilum hangianum OF VIET NAM, SỬ DỤNG ĐẶC ĐIỂM HÌNH THÁI VÀ MÃ VẠCH DNA ĐỂ NHẬN DẠNG LAN HÀI HẰNG (Paphiopedilum hangianum) CỦA VIỆT NAM, Uji Ketahanan Anggrek Hibrida Phalaenopsis terhadap Penyakit Busuk Lunak yang Disebabkan oleh Dickeya dadantii, Studi Embriogenesis Klon-klon Vanda Hasil Persilangan Vanda tricolor x [(Vanda Patao x Vanda Jenny Hashimoto) x Ascocenda Peggy Foo] secara In Vitro, Karakterisasi Morfologi dan Pengaruh Perlakuan Pemupukan dan Pemberian Silika (Si) pada Genotipe Hibrida Anggrek Cattleya, Analysis of diversity and relationships among Chinese orchid cultivars using EST-SSR markers. Studi embriogenesis klon-klon Vanda hasil persilangan Vanda tricolor x [(Vanda Patao x Vanda Jenny Hashimoto) x Ascocenda Peggy Foo secara in vitro dalam rangka penyediaan bibit berkualitas dilakukan di Laboratorium Kultur Jaringan, Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias, dari Bulan Januari 2010 hingga Desember 2011. The inclusion of the florally distinct genera Eparmatostigma and Neofinetia into Vanda s.l. The problem of multiple copies of ITS may be attributable to the well-reported and discussed incomplete-concerted evolution tendency of the region (e.g. [species formerly placed in their own genus, Trudelia (Senghas, 1988b)] with 70 and 75% support. The night-scented white flowers of species of section Neofinetia are probably visited by night-active long-tongued moths searching for nectar in the long, narrow spurs of the flowers. Hasil karakterisasi menunjukan tidak terdapat keragamaan pada penampang melintang daun serta posisi pembungaan, bentuk ujung, susunan, bentuk tepi dan tekstur permukaan daun, tipe pembungaan, resupinasi, perhiasan, serta bentuk bunga. We have provided Morphology of Flowering Plants Class 11 Biology MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. as a Genetic Information Source for Preservation and Agribusiness of Orchids in Ind, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Characterization of Morphology from Orchid Vanda sp. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd, 1st International Conference on Food and Agriculture 2018, IOP Conf. Cycle sequencing reactions were performed using Big Dye v.3.1 terminator chemistry (PE Biosystems) for all three regions, with the same primers used for amplification, plus an additional primer to sequence the central region of matK (Topik et al., 2005). (= Papilionanthe teres (Roxb.) have long been required. B, Vanda flabellata. With a genus as horticulturally important as Vanda, the potential for accidental hybridization and introgression between cultivated specimens is high, especially if the morphological differences between species are not well understood. This genus and its allies are considered to be among the most specifically adapted of all orchids within the Orchidaceae. and Vanda hookeriana Rchb.f. Date. This work found little support for the genus Euanthe as distinct from Vanda, because of the perfect chromosomal pairing of Euanthe sanderiana (Rchb.f.) The resistance testing was performed by inoculating bacteria D. dadantii on leaves of the orchids. K Kasutjianingati 1 and R Firgiyanto 1. Four of the included species grouped with Vanda, Neofinetia and Aerides, and the fifth species, Ascocentrum himalaicum (Deb, Sengupta & Malick) Christenson, nested with their main data set of 13 Holcoglossum spp. Vanda is a global biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of innovative therapies to address high unmet medical needs and improve the lives of patients. The results of the experiment showed that the coefficient of similarity in morphological characters ranged from 0.33 to 1.00. Untuk mengetahui besaran-besaran yang mengindikasikan kelayakan finansial dan kelayakan ekonomi tersebut digunakan review hasil-hasil studi terdahulu. data set (Gardiner, 2008) could not provide support for the hypothesis of the monophyly of Ascocentrum and, in spite of distinct morphological characters for these species (supporting their maintenance as a separate genus), it appears that the genus as it stands is polyphyletic and the species should be incorporated into the wider concept of Vanda. D, Vanda nana L.M.Gardiner. observ.) Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Characterization of Morphology from Orchid Vanda sp, Genetic Information Source for Preservation and, collect native germplasm resources from Indonesian species that will be used, intra species, inter species, segregation and mutant plants , , . form a highly supported group with 96% support in both the MP and ML combined analyses. Because of difficulties involved in collecting wild material, specimens were obtained from cultivated species material from botanic gardens and specialist growers of vandaceous species. are nectarless, as pollinator deceit seems to be one of the key factors in orchid speciation (Cozzolino & Widmer, 2005). Unfortunately, there was no record of which plant contributed the pollen ( Ridley 1893 ). significant government roles are still needed especially in public investments, zoning, and balancing production scales. The amplicon includes parts of the trnL intron, the 3â² part of the trnL (UAA) exon and most of the spacer between trnL (UAA) 3â² and trnF (GAA). and A. christensonianum Haager group with high to good support of 80 and 74% in the MP and ML combined analyses, but A. curvifolium (Lindl.) Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis keragaan lorjuk sebagai produk agribisnis di Pamekasan, dan menganalisis pemasaran lorjuk secara komprehensif. Although only three of nine species of Ascocentrum were included in these analyses, the genus was not resolved as monophyletic in any of the analyses performed. Therefore, developing methods to identify these species of this orchid genus are essential. 4) Berdasarkan analisis SWOT bahwa strategi bauran pemasaran yang perlu dilakukan adalah strategi intensif atau strategi terintegrasi. KHM 1318, Phal. to Vandopsis Pfitzer in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl and Dimorphorchis Rolfe; and section Anota Lindl. It is hoped that future sampling will concentrate on incorporating more taxa from the under-represented groups in order to better elucidate their true relationships to each other. More info bellow! Characterized by monopodial growth, members of the subtribe all have a highly developed velamen on the roots, an entire rostellum, a relatively small spur formed by the lip and pollinaria with well-developed stipes and viscidia, two to four pollinia and, in several genera, a prominent column foot (Chase et al., 2003; Topik, Yukawa & Ito, 2005). The treatment in this experiment consisted of fourteen Vanda orchid species from various regions in Indonesia. A ML heuristic bootstrap analysis (BPML) was performed with 100 replicates to obtain support for nodes. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemupukan dan pemberian silika (Si) terhadap pertumbuhan beberapa hibrida anggrek Cattleya. Christensonia vietnamica, V. flabellata and V. lilacina Teijsm. Phal. data). The placement of a number of small genera such as Ascocentrum Schltr., Euanthe Schltr., Trudelia Garay and Christensonia Haager in relation to Vanda has been debated and has until now remained uncertain. Many different species in this genus are similar in leaf characteristics, which is easy to confuse with the morphological way. Pengaturan tata ruang dihubungkan dengan penyediaan lahan penggembalaan umum dengan dasar hukum yang kuat (Perda) pada daerah sentra produksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tujuh klon yaitu V2-17, V2-21, V2-43, V2-10-1, V2-10-2, V2-2010-1, dan V2-2010-3 dengan kemampuan membentuk kalus embriogenik yang hampir sama dengan rerata persentase pembentukan kalus mencapai 25% dan skor pembentukan kalus +++. Schltr. Internal support was assessed by non-parametric bootstrapping (Felsenstein, 1985) using the following settings for PAUP (MÃ¼ller, 2005: 10 000 bootstrap replicates, a simple-taxon-addition tree as the starting point, TBR swapping and one tree held in memory (MulTrees inactivated). Vanda funingensis, a new orchid species from Yunnan, China, is described and illustrated here. Scale bar, minor divisions are equal to 1 mm (G). We argue that their relation to each other needs to be rethought in order to overcome internal divisions and to broaden and deepen the social movement opposing the project. Overview of the morphological sections in Vanda proposed by Gardiner & Cribb (2013) and M. Motes and L. M. Gardiner, unpubl. Chính vì vậy, phát triển các phương pháp để nhận diện lan Hài là rất cần thiết. are epiphytes and lithophytes with monopodial growth, stiffly erect and praemorse tipped leaves. Pemupukan berperan penting dalam pertumbuhan dan perkembangan tanaman. One of the 20 000 most-parsimonious trees obtained using the combined plastid DNA data set and maximum parsimony, showing bootstrap values over 50% (first number above branches) and branch lengths (second number). The presence of praemorse leaf tips and a three-lobed labellum are good characters for Vanda (Seidenfaden, 1988), but the diversity in floral morphology seen across the species is extremely high, with a wide range of sizes, shapes, colours and labellum structures (including presence or absence of a spur, column foot and mid-lobe ornamentation). 29 31-34, Hartati S, Cahyono O and Lestari N P 2015 J. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Hasil dari penelitian ini menujukkan bahwa 1) Segmentasi lorjuk menurut produsen bahwa lorjuk merupakan sumber penghasilan yang masih diminati oleh konsumen tertentu. The often long and hypervariable P8 region in the trnL intron appears to be insignificant in Vanda, contrasting with the region in Aerides and other angiosperms, which often exhibits extreme length variability (Borsch et al., 2003; Kocyan et al., 2008). A DNA Engine Tetrad 2, Peltier Thermal Cycler (MJ Research) was used with the following sequencing reaction profile: 96 Â°C for 1 min; 25 cycles of 96 Â°C for 10 s, 50 Â°C for 5 s and 60 Â°C for 4 min. Arditti J, Elliott J, Kitching IJ, Wasserthal LT, Borsch T, Hilu KW, Quandt D, Wilde V, Neinhuis C, Barthlott W, Carlsward BS, Whitten WM, Williams NH, Bytebier B, Chang C-C, Lin H-C, Lin I-P, Chow T-Y, Chen H-H, Chen W-H, Cheng C-H, Lin C-Y, Liu S-M, Chang C-C, Chaw S-M, Chase MW, Cameron KM, Barrett RL, Freudenstein JV, Chase MW, Fay MF, Devey D, Maurin O, RÃ¸nsted N, Davies J, Pillon Y, Petersen G, Seberg O, Tamura MN, Asmussen CB, Hilu K, Borsch T, Davis JL, Stevenson DW, Pires JC, Givnish TJ, Sytsma KJ, McPherson MA, Graham SW, Rai HS, Gravendeel B, Chase MW, de Vogel EF, Roos MC, Mes THM, Bachmann K, Gustafsson ALS, Verola CF, Antonelli A, Kocyan A, de Vogel EF, Conti E, Gravendeel B, Lim S-H, Chye-Peng Teng P, Lee Y-H, Goh C-J, Neubig KM, Whitten WM, Williams NH, Blanco MA, Endara L, Burleigh JG, Silvera K, Cushman JC, Chase MW, Pridgeon AM, Cribb PJ, Chase MW, Rasmussen FN, Taberlet P, Gielly L, Pautou G, Bouvet J, Xiang X, Li D, Jin X, Hu H, Zhou H, Jin W, Lai Y, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. form a clade with 93% and Aerides, Renanthera and Taprobanea form a clade with 89%. Most of these lower level clades receive moderate to high levels of bootstrap support and are considered individually here. analitik. 39. . The phylogenetic trees generated in the combined evidence analyses show a number of well-supported clades, although overall resolution is low in the strict consensus trees produced. The placement of a number of species and genera in relation to Vanda has remained a matter of debate, with authors disagreeing on their correct classification. with Vanda spp. data) and adding more plastid regions (e.g. The research activity was conducted from May to November 2018 at the Biosciences Laboratory and Plant Laboratory - State Polytechnic Jember, East Java, Indonesia.
Perakitan varietas unggul baru Vanda beraroma wangi telah dilakukan dan menghasilkan beberapa klon yang terseleksi. II: Plant Morphology and Taxonomy of Angiosperm This may be particularly strongly seen in the South-East Asian archipelago, where morphological diversity appears to be at its highest, and yet genetic divergence is at its lowest. He, however, recognized the ease with which monotypic Euanthe hybridizes with Vanda spp. The aim of the study was to characterize the collection of endangered Indonesian Vanda orchids based on morphological characters. Polymer Science and Engineering Laboratories, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1283 To increase competitiveness of local agribusiness, future development of horticulture sector should be focused on three efforts : (1) Development of vertically integrated agribusiness so that horticultural agribusiness has capability to respond market demand effectively. All rights reserved. Schltr. MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Indonesian Ebert & Peakall, 2009) offer promising prospects of furthering this research. In the matK and trnL-F sequences, short (3 bp) and medium-sized (70 bp; Kocyan et al., 2008) inversions were detected. Based on previous molecular studies of Aeridinae, Phalaenopsis (represented by P. cornu-cervi (Breda) Blume & Rchb.f.) None of the species has ever been placed in Vanda, although they hybridize readily in cultivation with Vanda spp., forming fertile hybrids (Christenson, 1987a; Motes, 1997; Topik et al., 2005). Excluding poales, Silica gel: an ideal material for field preservation of leaf samples for DNA studies, Nomenclatural changes in the Orchidaceae subtribe Sarcanthinae, 12th World Orchid Conference Organizing Committee, Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Taxonomy of the Aeridinae with an infrageneric classification of, An atlas of orchid pollination: America, Africa. Untuk peningkatan efisiensi tersebut diperlukan peran pemerintah yang relatif besar antara lain berupa investasi, pengaturan tata ruang, dan pengaturan pola pengusahaan. Hook ex G.Don., an epiphytic orchid from eastern ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India. Firgiyanto R, Aziz S A and Sukma D 2016 J. Agron. The objective of good orchid culture is robust, disease-free plants with high quality blooms. Aerides flabellata Rolfe ex Downie (= Vanda flabellata (Rolfe ex Downie) Christenson) has been a focus of much taxonomic disagreement, and it was placed in Aerides by some (Seidenfaden, 1988, 1992) on account of characters such as a long column foot and motile lip, and Vanda by others because of the short spur and broad lip (Garay, 1972; Seidenfaden, 1973; Christenson, 1985, 1986; Motes, 1997; Kocyan et al., 2008). (2012), which included five Ascocentrum spp., otherwise focusing on Holcoglossum, similarly did not find Ascocentrum to be monophyletic in any of their analyses. is an important potted flower with extremely high ornamental value in China. Microbial pinnacles in ice-covered Lake Vanda, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, extend from the base of the ice to more than 50 m water depth. DNA was extracted from flower or leaf material dried in silica gel, according to the guidelines of Chase & Hills (1991), using either one of two methods, the modified cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)âchloroform protocol of Doyle & Doyle (1987) and the DNeasy Plant mini kit (Qiagen), following the manufacturer's recommended protocol. The vascular bundles and starch grains were restricted to the woody region. A highly supported Philippines clade of V. lamellata Lindl., V. roeblingiana Rolfe and V. sanderiana is resolved with 98 and 97% support. Orchid accession groups based on dendrogram, Dendrogram Similarity coefficients of 14 Vanda orchid accessions based on morphological character. In this study, we analyzed and characterized the detail of stem and leave as well as flower morphological structure of P. hangianum collected from Tuyen Quang, Vietnam. 1003. A number of species are threatened with extinction in the wild, being rare and/or geographically restricted in distribution (Motes, 1997). Plants collected from two geographical areas in Eastern Ghats show variation in their morphological and molecular characters. KHM 1126, Phal. Permasalahan penelitian ini bagaimana gambaran umum usaha agribisnis lorjuk di Kabupaten Pamekasan dan bagaimana model pemasaran komprehensif yang terbaik pada komoditas lorjuk. A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of leaf tissue, Phytochemical Bulletin, Botanical Society of America, Variation in chromosome number and the basic number of subfamily Epidendroideae (Orchidaceae), Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap, On the systematics of the monopodial orchids I, Botanical Museum Leaflets Harvard University, Phylogenetics and conservation of the South East Asian genus, Vanda. data, Small side lobes on labellum, sometimes pointed in shape, V. longitepala D.L.Roberts, L.M.Gardiner & Motes, Often with deep red/purple markings on labellum, V. flabellata (Rolfe ex Downie) Christenson, Distinct appendages (lobules) on labellum mid lobe, Cylindrical column without thickened base, Usually modified/embellished labellum mid lobe, V. himalaica (Deb, Sengupta & Malick) L.M.Gardiner, V. semiteretifolia (Seidenf.) The information obtained is useful for the conservation of germplasm and for the development of superior Vanda orchid breeding programs in the future. Morphology and drug sensitivities of the isolated yeast-like fungus were analyzed. The addition of further plastid regions, or a reliably amplified, low-copy number, phylogenetically informative nuclear marker would be likely to add clarity to these results. For the sake of easier readability we refer to this region in the ongoing text as âtrnL-Fâ. Lindl., were examined by Dixon (1889â1901). Through a case study-driven approach, this book offers an opportunity for students, policymakers, and business owners to consider the impact of key trends like value-addition, urbanization, the environment, regional integration, climate change, and technology on Asian agribusinesses. In summary, relationships in and around Vanda remain unclear, in spite of the recent molecular studies of other groups in Aeridinae. It is true that Indonesia had a surplus in the trade of horticultural products, comes particularly from fruits trade, but this surplus is continuously decreasing resulted from decrease of competitiveness of local agribusiness compared with those from Africa and Southern America countries particularly.
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